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Allergy: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment

What is an Allergy?

Allergy wo hoti hai jab hamara shareer kisi substance se over react karta hai. Aise me hamara immune system kuch khas cheejon ko accept nahi karta. Aur fir us cheej se connect hote hi overeaction start hota hai. Fir jo symptoms dikhai dete hain use allergy kahte hain. Ye foods, pets mausam change hona, dust, fruits, vegetables, medicines, fragrance ya fog ksisi se bhi ho sakti hai.

 

Allergy: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment

 

Jab ek insaan jise allergy problem hai aur wo dusre allergy wale insaan ke contact me aata hai tab immediate reaction nahi hota. Balki ye uske immune system ki power par depend karta hai ki wo kitni strong hai. Allergetic insaan ki body par red spots hona, irritation hona, vomiting hona, nose aur eyes se paani bahna, heartbeat fast hona aur fever bhi ho sakta hai. 

Cause and Types of allergy-

Allergy genetic bhi ho sakti hai. Yani agr parent ko allergy problem hai to ye parents se child me aa sakti hai. Ye jaruri bhi nahi hai.

Iske chances general allergy me ho sakte hain. Agr kisi ko specific allergy problem hai to ye genetic nahi hoti.

Allergy ke common types ye hain-

  • animal products: Kai peoples ko pets se problem ho jati hai. Pets ki laar, unke hairs se unhe bahut dangerous allergy ho jati hai.
  • drugs: Penicillin ya koi aur medicine se problem hoti hai. Agr us medicine ko lena continue rakhen to problem badh jati hai.
  • foods: kai insaanon ko wheat, nuts, milk, eggs aur shellfish se allergy hoti hai. Inhe khane se unhe vomiting, full body me red spots, irritation etc ho jati hai. Ye effect 10 min. to 1/2 hour me hone lagta hai. 
  • insect and mosquitoes: Aise logon me koi bhi keeda ya mosquito ke bite karne se skin red hokar sweel ho jati hai. Kai baar fever bhi ho jata hai.
  • plants: Kai baar grass, tree aur flower bhi allergy ka cause ban jata hai. Iske contact me aane se skin aur eyes me irritation hone lagta hai. Iske saath hi insaan ko chhenke aane lagti hain.
  • Weather changes: Kai baar jab mausam change hota hai tab bhi iske symptoms dikhte hain. aise me us insaan ko ghar ke andar hi rahna chahiye. EK dam hot se cold aur cold se hot ke sampark me naa aayen. 
  • Pollen: Pollen yani flowers ke parag kanon se allergy ho jati hai. Inke bahot small particles nose aur nreath ke saath throat me chale jate hain. Isse problem badh jati hai. Aise ,e bahar flowers se duri banaye rakhen. Jahan tak ho sake inke sampark me naa aayen.
  • Dust particles: Kuch peoples ko dust particles se hi problem hoti hai. Inme microbs hote hain. Ye jyada humidity hone par paida hote hain. isse cheenke ana, eyes me paani aana etc problems aati hain. Inse dur rahne ki koshish karte rahen.
  • Rubber products: Kuch logon ke rubber ke products jaise (gloves, condoms, medical equipments) se full allergy hoti hai. Inse dur rahen.
  • Other: Seasonal allergies common hoti hain. Ye plants se jo pollen released hota hai usse hoti hain.
  1. itchy eyes
  2. watery eyes
  3. runny nose
  4. coughing

DOCTOR

Doctor ko allergy ke liye check kab karayen-

Jab iske symptoms dikhne start hote hain to bahut complications create hoti hain. Apka doctor diagnose karke apko bata deta hai ki ye only sensitivity hai ya allergy ban chuki hai. Aur saath hi doctor ye bhi suggest karta hai ki aap in symptoms ko kaise manage karen.

  • For food allergy-

Food allergy ki situation me jo symptoms show hota hai ume nausea yani naak se paani ana, swelling, hives (ise medically urticaria kaha jata hai. yani red, itchy spots hona. Inke alg-alg size ho sakte hain. Ye skin par kuch hours rahte hain), fatigue yani iske patient ko weakness feel hoti hai.

Uska mann hota hai ki hardam wo bed par hi leta rahe. Ye weakness physically aur mentally dono ho sakti hai. In symptoms ke show hone par insaan ye realize hota hai ki use food allergy hai. Agr kabhi khana khate hi apko kuch symptoms dikhen to immediately doctor ke paas jayen. WO doctor apka check karega aur fir apko specialist ke paas refer kar dega.

  • For seasonal allergy-

Waise to jyadatar fever symptom cold ke karan hota hai. Isme runny nose, swollen eyes aur congestion simple symptoms show hote hain.Aur hum iske liye normal home remedy use karke ise cure bhi kar lete hain. Lekin agr ye ghar par hi manage na ho to immediate apne doctor se contact jarur karen. 

  • For severe allergy-

Doston ye allergy anaphylaxis bahut ke karan hoti hai. ye bahut dangerous hoti hai. Isme patient ko red itchy skin, blood pressure low, throat aur tongue swelling, breath shortness vomiting. Inke liye immediately medical help ki jarurat hoti hai. Agr ise ignore kiya jaye to patient ki death bhi ho sakti hai. 

DIAGNOSIS

How allergies are diagnosed-

Allergy ko diagnose karne ke several ways hote Hain. First to apka doctor apke symptoms dekhta hai aur fir physical check-up karta hai. Iske saath hi doctor apse ye consult karta hai ki aapne abhi-abhi kya-kya khaya hai aur aap kin substance ke contact me aaye hain.

For example, agr apke haathon par red rashes hain to wo ye puchega ki kya apne abhi latex gloves pahane the. 

Process of elimination-

Food allergy typically elimination process se diagnose ki jati hai.  Iska matlab jab aap koi food khate ho aur apko vomit aati hai urine ya feces( food digest hone ke baad ka waste matter) se diagnose karna. Aise me doctor apse food diary record krne ko bolte hain. Aur fir apka treatment start kiya jata hai.

Skin test-

Apka doctor apke allergy test refer karte hain. Isme skin test common test hai. Skin test ke waqt apki skin me niddle se puncturing aur piercing se check karte hain. Agr apki skin reddish ho gayi ya ichyness ya swelling feel hua to apko skin allergic mana jata hai.

Blood test-

Apka doctor ya allergist apko blood test order karta hai. Is test ko medical language me radioallergosorbent test (RAST) kahte hain. Apke blood me allergy ke causes wali antibodies ki presence check ki jati hai. 

TREATMENT

Allergy treatments-

Waise to iska simple tareeka hai ki jis substance se apko allergy hai uske contact me hi na aayen. Lekin ye possible hi nahi hai.

Iske kai treatments available hai-

  • Medication

Allery ka treatment allergic patient ki sensitivity par depend karta hai. Apki allergy ki severity par depend hai. 

  • Immunotherapy-

Many people immunotherapy use karte hain. Isme kuch years tak several injections ke dwara apki body ko allergy ke waqt react karne me help karti hai. Successful immunotherapy allergy ko wapis aane se rokti hai.

  • Alternatives-

Allergy treatment ke market me supplements hain aur saath hi many natural treatments available hain. Lekin jab bhi aap inhe use karna chahe usse pahle aap apne doctor se jarur advise len. 

PREVENTION

Preventing symptoms-

  • Allergy ka koi prevention nahi hota. Lekin allergy ke symptoms se prevent ke bahut ways hain. Inme ek hai ki jis allergens se apko allergy hai usse avoid karen.
  • Food allergy me Avoidance most effective prevent way hai.
  • Elimination diet sabse great way hai. Isse aap diet diary banakar allergen food kp avoid karne ki list bana sakte hain.
  • Preventing Seasonal, contact aur other allergy ke baare me jankar unhe kaise avoid karna hai ye jaane.
  • Agr aap ko dust se allergy hai to aap apne aas-paas proper air filters use karen.
  • Apne ghar ko regularly dusting karte rahen.Apne air ducts ko professionally clean rakhen.
  • Proper allergy test karwate rahen.
  • Isse aap apne allergens ko easily avoid kar payenge.

.LIVING

Living with allergies-

  • Allergy common hai, ye koi life-threatening nahi hai. Han agr apko allergy se severe problem ho to aisi emergency situation me use manage karen.  
  • Most allergy medications, avoidance lifestyle changes se manage ho jati hain. Apka doctor aur allergist apko major complication me help karke apki life ko enjoyable banate hain.
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