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Typhoid Symptoms, Treatment, Causes and Prevention

Last updated on 30th March 2019

What you need to know about typhoid-

Typhoid ek bacterial infection hai. isse apko fever, diarrhea aur vomiting ho sakti hai. ye bahut dangerous hota hai. iska cause Salmonella typhi bacteria hota hai.

typhoid
images: Getty Images
  • Ye infection apko infected paani aur food se hota hai
  • Typhoid symptoms me high fever aur gastrointestinal problems hoti hain
  • Typhoid ke patient ke urine, stool aur blood me bhi ye bacteria present rahta hai
  • Ye infected water se bath karne aur is paani se bhojan ki cheejen dhone se bhi hota hai
  • Iska bacteria paanu me kai din tak live rahta hai,
  • Agr aap iske patient ka jutha khate hain tab apko bhi ye ho sakta hai
  • Typhoid bacteria se infected patient ka blood use karne se bhi aapko ye ho sakta hai.

Symptoms of typhoid?

Typhoid Symptoms, Treatment, Causes and Prevention
images: Getty Images

Typhoid ke symptoms normally 6 to 30 days me syart hote hain. two major symptoms fever aur rash hai. Iska fever particularly several days tak high hota hai. rash every patient me nahi hote.

Aur jinke hote hain unhe rose-coloured spots abdomen aur neck me hote hain.

Other main symptoms-

Treatment of Typhoid-

  • Iska effective treatment antibiotics hain
  • Pahle jab bhi kisi ko typhoid hota tha tab 20% patients ki death ho jati thi
  • Lekin ab antibiotics se iska ilaz hone laga hai
  • Jab patient healthy diet leta hai aur weakness bhi nahi hoti tab ghar par hi antibiotics le sakte hain
  • Kam se kam 2 weeks iska treatment lena hota hai
  • Jyada week ness aur vomiting, diarrhea hone par hospitalized bhi kiya jata hai
  • Jab patient ki intestine me ulcer severe ho jaye to operation bhi karna padta hai.

Prevention-

Iske many prevention tips hai, apke liye helpful honge-

  1. Typhoid vaccine:

Isse prevention ke liye 2 types ki vaccine milti hai. pahle type ki vaccine me injection diya jata hai. dusri type ki vaccine me 4 tablets di jati hain. in dono types ko vaccine ka asr 2 weeks ke baad hota hai.

  • Water:

Hamesha peene ka paani clean hona chahiye. Agr ghar me RO nahi laga hai tab kam se kam paani ko boil karke hi use Karen. Agr outing par ja rahe hain tab bottle wala paani hi sewan Karen.

Ghar me bhi fruit aur vegetables ko wash karke hi khayen. Bahar ki ice ka use kabhi na Karen. Jab bhi ice ka use karna ho ghar par hi jama len.

  • Wash hands:
Typhoid Symptoms, Treatment, Causes and Prevention
images: Getty Images

Jab bhi khana khayen hamesha haath saaf karke hi khayen. Agr kahin haath saaf karne ke liye paani na mile to hand sanitizer use Karen.

  • Food:

Hamesha ghar ka hi saaf aur healthy khana hi khayen. Street food ko avoid Karen. Khas taur se apne children ko isse dur hi rakhen.

  • Patient:

Agr apko typhoid ho jaye to safai ka khas dhyan rakhen. Apni bedsheets aur towel, dresses saaf rakhen. Kisi ke khana na banayen. Kyonki apka infection dusre ke liye harmful ho sakta hai.

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